Useful and Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2020

best programming languages to learn, in-demand programming languages

Computers have taken up a significant part of our lives; they are everywhere. With computers come computer programs, and with computer programs come programming languages. The Year 2020 comes with seven hundred programming languages. That’s an overwhelming amount of languages!!. If you are thinking of leaving your passion for programming right after knowing the massive number, hold up. Not all of the languages are the best programming languages to learn, alright?

The article mentions all the in-demand programming languages. You can say that they are very mainstream and famous in the developer community. It does not matter whether you are are a knowledgable person or just a beginner. The best programming languages to learn mentioned in the article vary in difficulty, Fear not, we have also described the difficulty levels of the languages. Keep in mind that all that the list contains all the in-demand programming languages. So, you do not have to worry about the employment-related stuff.

If you get right in any one of them, you will surely lend a job. Remember, to be a good programmer, you need to be a good problem solver and a critical thinker. Develop your logic-making skills with any language, and then the rest of the journey will be more exciting. You will not have to search for the best programming languages to learn, ever.

1. Python

If you are interested in programming, then you must have heard about Python. Python is everywhere!!!, you will hear about it on the internet, your college syllabus, or in the coding Bootcamp. There is no denying that Python is in the list of in-demand programming languages. If you are someone who is just beginning to learn to program, then Python is one of the best programming languages to learn. Python has a broad set of libraries on just about any kind of development.

Python is a general-purpose programming language with easy to understand syntax. It is a high level, scripting programming language. The syntax is so easy to understand that most of the schools start with Python when they are teaching. Python is an object-oriented language, but unlike C# and Java, you do not need classes and main functions to get you going. As Python is a scripting language, you can get going in literally seconds. The ease of use is making Python accessible and one of the in-demand programming languages.

Once you get a good knowledge of basic Python, then there are many frameworks and libraries you can start learning. If you are interested in Machine Learning, then TensorFlow is the next step you should take. If you are interested in Data Science and mathematical computation, then Numpy is the best option. One more field of development that is making Python one of the best programming languages to learn is back-end web development. Django is a widely popular web framework that is getting immense popularity. These are the factors that are making Python as one of the best programming languages to learn in the modern era.

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2. Java

Java is an Object-oriented, strongly typed programming language. This general-purpose programming language is one of the in-demand programming languages. Java is the most common language that has been in use for decades. You think about web development, mobile, and desktop development. Java developers have been in in-demand, and if you learn Java, there is a huge chance of you to land a job somewhere.

With its ability to run regardless of the platform(Windows, IOs, Android), Java has become a standard language. It is running on web-servers to many android devices. If you are willing to gain experience in real programming, then Java is one of the best programming languages to learn. As most of the businesses today need an Android application, Java developers have been in in-demand. After the creation of Android Studio, which is a Java bases android development framework; created by Google, Java programmers will get new opportunities. The language has become one of the in-demand programming languages.

As mentioned above, Java is a strongly typed programming language. It can get a little hard for someone when they continuously have to keep data types of variables in mind. I would say that these kinds of mind exercising skills will pay you off in the future. Learning Java will help you in developing critical thinking and logic-making. Hence this is why Java is one of the best programming languages to learn in 2020.

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3. Javascript

Imagine a scenario; you visit a website with many fancy animations. You click a button, some section slides or comes into view, colors change, images are zoomed in when you point a cursor, etc. Controversial Javascript achieves this functionality. When it came to front-end web development, Html and CSS were the core technologies. As time went on, the feud between Microsoft and Netscape led Netscape to partner with Sun. Javascript was developed in order to take down Microsoft. As time went on, Javascript took the shape of a front-end web scripting language.

If you are willing to get into front-end web development, then Javascript is unavoidable. It has made its place when we talk about core web development technologies. It is one of the best programming languages to learn because it will enable you to land a front-end development job. As it is one of the core technologies, Javascript is on top when it comes to in-demand programming languages.

Not to be overwhelmed after hearing that Javascript is a core technology, you can learn it just like any other programming language. It is after the learning phase; you will get into the DOM manipulations, local storage, callback functions, and rest of the good stuff. Javascript is forgiving, and it is so flexible that some communities hate it, but there is no denying that Javascript is one of the best programming languages to learn.

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4. Swift

Swift is a high-level, general-purpose programming language, created by engineers at Apple. Swift is specially developed to create applications in the IOs environment. If you are interested in working in Apple products and Apple’s mobile development, then swift is one of the best programming languages to learn; it is the only programming language that you will have to learn. Officially announced by Apple in 2014, Swift is very new in the community. This is the reason that Swift is one of the in-demand programming languages.

The syntax of Swift is English like and is very easy for beginners to learn. If you have an Ipad or Mac, then you can download Swift playgrounds. It is an application that provides an interactive learning experience for students, or people who are just starting to learn coding can hugely benefit from it. You do not need to have previous coding knowledge. The application will help you in developing these concepts.

If you are thinking of getting in the Apple working environment, then learning Swift language can increase your chances. It is one of the in-demand programming languages; people working with Swift are paid a decent amount of money. There is no denying that Swift is one of the best programming languages to learn.

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5. Ruby

Just like Python, Ruby is very beginner-friendly and easy to learn in a short time. Ruby is dynamic, object-oriented, functional, and concise. It is an interpreted language with an English like syntax. Ruby is one of the best programming languages to learn if you are starting as a beginner. You can learn many concepts in a short amount of time due to its friendly syntax.

One of the reasons that make Ruby one of the in-demand programming languages is its web development framework known as Ruby on Rails. Some of the Big software applications like Twitter, Airbnb have developed their websites using Ruby on Rails. One more thing that makes Ruby one of the best programming languages to learn is its friendly community. The Ruby community is known to be really supportive and helping the beginners.

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6. C

C language is the oldest programming language, often known as the mother of modern languages. The syntax of C inspires many modern, high-level languages; the language that follows a similar pattern as C is known to have C like syntax. C was initially developed as a low-level system programming language to create Operating Systems. Windows Operating System was created using the C language. C language leaves a lot of memory management in the hands of the programmer. Pointers and data structures make up a considerable part of the C language.

Reading about low-level and system programming stuff might have intimidated you, but this is precisely why C is used. If you are thinking about creating efficient systems with high performance, then C is one of the best languages that you will have to learn. Most of the modern high-level languages handle memory management on their own; this creates an abstraction between the programmer and the system. The programmer cannot efficiently make use of the resources. This is why C is preferred when we develop embedded systems, as they require efficient memory management. C language is one of the main in-demand programming languages to work with embedded systems.

It has been four decades since the creation of C. The C library and the community is mature. Although it is not easy to learn and work with memory, it will give you so much experience and knowledge. If you have experience in any other high-level programming language, then C language should be your next step. You can learn it to expand your concepts about programming and get to know the real stuff.

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7. Rust

Rust is the new addition in the vast arsenal of programming languages, but what does make Rust so unique that it is listed as one of the best programming languages to learn? Developed by Mozilla and first released in 2010, Rust is not another high-level programming language. So many decades after C/C++, Rust is the low-level system programming language that is giving tough time to C/C++.

What makes Rust special is its emphasis on speed and security. Memory leaks and system crashes are a part of history now. Rust heavily focuses on optimizing the code at compile-time; there is no such thing as runtime-errors. Microsoft is exploring Rust and thinking about replacing it with C. According to Microsoft, many of the system bugs and crashes are due to C language’s memory corruption errors.

According to Stack Overflow’s 2019 Developer Survey, Rust language is the most desired programming language for the fourth year in a row, 83.5 rust developers said that they would continue developing in Rust. There is something present in Rust, which is making it one of the best programming languages to learn. It is very harsh and strict, but for someone who is looking for a secure and fast application, Rust is the way to go.

Although Rust was initially developed for systems programming, it is gaining popularity in web development too. With great frameworks like Actix, Rocket, highly optimized, and fast applications are getting built. Another technology that Rust is getting popular with is Web assembly. There is something in Rust, which is making one of the best programming languages to learn. With its popularity rising day by day, Rust is one of the most in-demand programming languages.

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Table of Comparison

Conclusion

It does not matter what language you learn at the start. All of the concepts and fundamentals in every language are pretty much the same. If you get good in any one of the languages, getting a grasp of the new language will be very easy. We have listed the best programming languages to learn; you can start out with any language, but; it is recommended that you start with a high-level language and get a good knowledge of the fundamentals. Then it is up to you whether you want to start learning a framework or go down the lane and learn a low-level language. If you are a curious soul, you can take the latter path.

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2 thoughts on “Useful and Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2020”

  1. Stating that C is the oldest programming language is unfortunately not correct. The fact that C is kind of a successor to BCPL shows that it is far from the oldest programming language.
    FORTRAN and COBOL are older by almost 15 years. Other more known examples of older programming languages include Pascal, LISP and ALGOL. There is a whole Wikipedia article about this topic (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_programming_languages) and a tabular compilation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_programming_languages).

    Cheers and sorry for beeing a smart-arse!

    1. Hello!! Thank you so much for your response. C is surely not the first most programming language, what we meant to say was, C is the oldest programming language that is mentioned in the article. No problem being a smart-arse, good knowledge is always appreciated 😀

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